11 Important Vitamin B12 Deficiency Symptoms
Vitamin B12 is one of the important vitamins required for growth and development of our body. It helps in the formation of Red Blood Corpses (RBCs), metabolizing fatty and amino acids, the formation of nerve cells and DNA. All these functions are very crucial for us, so our body should contain enough amount of B12. Generally, vegans or vegetarians are at risk of B12 deficiency since they only depend on plant source. Today we will discull 11 important vitamin b12 deficiency symptoms and how to cure it.
What is Vitamin B12 :
Vitamin B12 is also called as Cobalamin. It is a water-soluble vitamin which is prepared only by enzymes present in Bacteria and archaea. The vitamer is produced by bacteria as hydroxocobalamin and is converted in vitamin after consumption.
Vitamin B12 Requirements :
The average amount of vitamin B12 requirement differs with age. For newborn baby’s up to 4 years of age 0.4 micrograms of B12 is required. For 7 months until 1 year, it is 0.5 mcg. From 1 to 3, 4 to 8 and 9 to13 years it is 0.9 mcg, 1.2 mcg, and 1.8 mcg respectively. And above 13 years, it is 2.4 mcg. For pregnant women and lactating mothers, the amount increases to 2.6 to 2.8 mcg.
Vitamin B12 Benefits :
It helps in making nerve cells healthy. It helps in the formation of the protective covering of those cells. Vitamin B12 called cyanocobalamin helps in digestion and heart health. So, there are tons of vitamin B12 benefits.
Vitamin B12 Rich Foods :
All plants and animals are incapable of producing vitamin B12. The enzymes required to produce vitamin B12 is present only in bacterias and archaea. That is why Seafood, Eggs and Dairy products are rich in vitamin B12. Some vitamin B12 rich foods are Eggs, Yeast, Milk, Yogurt, Chicken, Mutton, Sardines, Salmon, Crabs, Clams, Oysters, Tuna, Trout, Feta Cheese, Cottage Cheese etc.
Vitamin B12 Overdose :
The overdose of vitamin B12 is rare and practically not possible since the body simply excretes the unnecessary extra amounts through urine. It can happen due to any medical treatments. Sometimes an overdose of vitamin B12 is injected into malnourished patients in urgency. Since only a few amount of B12 is absorbed by the body. Cyanocobalamin overdose can cause toxicity amongst individuals. Vitamin B12 overdose can cause dizziness, hot flushes, acne and nausea
Is vitamin B12 Deficiency Common?
Vitamin B12 is mostly caused by low intakes. Since vitamin B12 is present in animal sources, vegans or vegetarians are at greater risk. 40% to 80% of vegetarians have the deficiency of vitamin B12.
Vitamin B12 Deficiency Symptoms :
1.Constant Fatigue :
Vitamin B12 deficiency causes lack of appropriate amount of RBCs in your blood cells due to which proper oxygen supply is hampered. This causes constant fatigue amoungst B12 deficient people. You may feel tired even after getting up in the morning or for no reason. If you are facing this difficulty then get a B12 test done.
2. Weak muscles :
Since the oxygen supply to the body cells is not proper, the muscles and tissue experience weakness. Deficiency of vitamin B12 for a long period of time weakens your muscles. It is one of the important vitamin b12 deficiency symptoms.
3. Numbness in the body :
Inadequate supply of oxygen can cause numbness or tingling sensations in various body parts such as legs, hands more often. This is a clear sign of vitamin B12 deficiency.
4. Weak memory:
As vitamin B12 is one of the main vitamins that forms the covering of nerve cells. If your body is 12 deficient, it affects your memory. You can face difficulty in remembering names or important passwords, dates etc.
Sometimes we feel slightly dizzy immediately after getting up from the bed. Maybe because we just woke up. But if this happens more frequently there is a reason to be careful and get a B12 test done. It is one of the important vitamin b12 deficiency symptoms.
6. Paleness in Skin :
Deficiency of Vitamin B12 means a reduced count of red blood cells in the body. This can lead to paleness in the skin. If you see your skin getting pale then check your vitamin B12. It is one of the important vitamin b12 deficiency symptoms.
7. Anxiousness :
Since B12 deficiency affects our nerve cells, it creates depression and anxiousness in us. Getting anxious very soon and for trivial reasons is one of the important symptoms of B12 deficiency.
8. Difficulty in vision :
Vitamin b12 deficiency can cause damage to your eyes and you may experience loss of vision or difficulties related to it.
9. The smoothness of tongue :
You may notice sometimes that our tongue has little bumps called papillae, especially around the edges. This may be due to vitamin B12 deficiency. You can also experience soreness or burning on the back of the tongue.
10. Shortness of breath :
Oxygen is transmitted throughout our body through RBCs in blood. It is one of the main functions of RBCs, so you may experience shortness of breath.
11. Constipation and loss of appetite :
Frequent Constipation, Gas, and loss of appetite are main symptoms of B12 deficiency. It is one of the important vitamin b12 deficiency symptoms.
Vitamin B12 Deficiency Diagnosis :
If you are having symptoms given above, then get a blood test done. Different types of vitamin b12 deficiency diagnosis are
- Haemoglobin level (Check if its low)
- Size of your red blood cells. (Check if they are larger in size).
- Level of vitamin B12 and folate
After these tests are done, it is recommended to check with a general physician.
Vitamin B12 Deficiency Treatment :
Treatment for deficiency is including foods rich in vitamin B12 in your diet. Or you can rely on supplements but before that get a complete blood test done and contact a general physician.
How to Prevent Vitamin B12 Deficiency:
Including Vitamin B12 rich foods in your diet and proper lifestyle may prevent the deficiency of vitamin B12.
So, this was all about Vitamin B12 deficiency symptoms. Give me your feedback in the comment section below about how helpful was this article helpful for you.